Upstream surveillance takes place in the internet “backbone” — the network of high-capacity cables, switches, and routers that carries Americans’ domestic and international internet communications. The NSA has installed surveillance equipment at dozens of points along the internet backbone, allowing the government to copy and then search the contents of vast quantities of internet traffic as it flows past.
Continue reading Trying to Keep the Internet Safe From Warrantless NSA Surveillance
Hugh writes, “These amazing animated shorts on physics feature an adorable, 1930’s style version of Maxwell’s Demon. There are 3 so far — can’t wait to see more!”
Continue reading Explaining Physics With Wonderful, 1930s-Style Animation
There are few movie franchises with as confusing a chronology as the X-Men films. There are other examples out there of course – the Halloween movies for instance, where the first two movies are canon, and then the sequels all branch off in crazy directions – movies 4-6 are contradicted by movies 7-8, which all contradict movie 3. It’s seriously nutso.
Then there’s the Terminator series, which at least has time travel antics to fall back on to explain why the sequels don’t really match up with one another. But the X-Men movies, which began in 2000 with Bryan Singer’s original film, and end (at least for the Wolverine character) with the recently released Logan, gives all those other series a run for their money when it comes to confusing timelines.
Continue reading Video Explains Wolverine’s Wonky X-Men Movie Timeline